An Immersive and Interactive Classroom at Mount Sinai West – Tristate Simulation Conference

  • Field: Healthcare
  • Venue: Center for Advanced Medical Simulation at Mount Sinai West Hospital, New York, and e-REAL Online Lab at the Harvard Center for Medical Simulation, Boston
  • Symposium Speakers: Fernando Salvetti, Rebecca Minehart
  • Simulation Team: Roxane Gardner, Rebecca Minehart
  • Instructional Design Team: Roxane Gardner, Rebecca Minehart, Fernando Salvetti, Barbara Bertagni

The process of learning by doing within an online immersive setting, based on knowledge visualization using interactive surfaces, leaves learners with a memorable experience.

In order to flip the trend related to making learners passive, guidelines about instructional design of a simulated experience were applied in addition to designing an immersive and interactive online setting—starting from an equirectangular 360-degree panoramic model of a brick-and-mortar classroom. Learners interacted with the content displayed on the virtual walls; they took notes; highlighted, erased and wrote or highlighted again; and zoomed inside and outside or 360-degree rotated virtually displayed objects. They also used a mnemonic with a checklist known as Name-Claim-Aim.

Early findings show enhanced attention and cognitive retention, mainly thanks to the mnemonic known as Name-Claim-Aim in association with quick feedback based on the Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice model--learners rapidly cycle between deliberate practice and directed feedback within the simulation scenario until mastery is achieved.

Common implementation strategies included: splitting simulation cases into segments; micro-debriefing in the form of “pause, debrief, rewind and try again”; and providing progressively more challenging scenarios.

Visual storytelling techniques are part of the online simulation scene--learners are proactively involved in analyzing scenarios and events, facing technical issues, and solving problems.

Learners are challenged both cognitively and behaviorally within an immersive and multitasking online setting.

The interactive scenarios also present a wealth of information, as the many levels of the situation are made available simultaneously by overlaying multisource info—words, numbers, images—within a setting designed by augmented reality techniques.

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